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Natl J Integr Res Med. 2014; 5(5): 100-105

Body Mass Index and Hypertension in Adolescents

Dr. Himanshu A. Joshi*, Dr. Vijay J. Jethva**.

The ongoing rise in the prevalence of Pre-hypertension & hypertension in adolescent is considered
to be accompanied with the childhood overweight and obesity. Body Mass Index is one of the indicators which
positively correlate with the hypertension (HTN) in adolescents. The study was conducted to establish
prevalence of HTN in adolescents with Body Mass Index (BMI). The study was conducted in 450 adolescents
children from the age 10 to 19 yrs. range. Blood Pressure and Anthropometric data were collected and
analysed. Result: Our Result shows that 9.8% Patient were at risk of overweight and 1.6% were overweight
with striking feature that 14.6% early adolescents were overweight. 10.8% of adolescent female and 11.7%
males were having BMI more than Normal. Prevalence of Pre-hypertension and hypertension were 7% and
5.60% respectively. Pre-hypertension and hypertension were more prevalent (19.6% & 27.4%) in adolescents
having BMI ≥ 85 percentile for the age and sex then adolescents having BMI below 85th percentile. (5.5%,
2.8%) Conclusion: By our study we can conclude that the prevalence of Pre HTN and HTN is directly related to
Body Mass Index (BMI). Overweight and obesity may give rise to pre HTN and HTN and should be considered
as an alarming feature, and in turn we can prevent prevalence of Essential HTN in adults. Intervention at this
age by change in the life style at the earliest can be of greater help. Reduction in the intake of High calorie Diet
like Junk Food and initiation of exercise, Meditation and Yoga to the Borderline adolescent will definitely
decrease the incidence of HTN. Further study is required to establish direct relation of BMI and HTN so as to
prepare useful charts and tables. [Joshi H NJIRM 2014; 5(5):100-105]

Key words: Body mass Index, Hypertension

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