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JARMS. 2014; 6(2): 130-133


Psychosocial Problems of Adolescents: Influence of Age, Sex & area of residence

*A.Sharma, S K. Gupta, M .Luthra and P.Mishra.

Abstract
Background: The adolescence or the second decade of life (10-19 years) is a crucial decade of life. It is the period demanding significant adjustment to the physical and social changes which distinguish childhood behavior from adult behavior. During this transition between childhood to adulthood rapid demand for new social roles takes place .The adolescents, due to these changes often face a number of crises and dilemmas. If adequate care and attention is not given adolescents are prone to develop various psychosocial problems with long standing impact. Objectives: To study the prevalence of psychosocial problems among adolescents in urban and rural areas. Materials & Methods: A sample size of 400 adolescents was calculated and 200 adolescents each from rural and urban areas were interviewed with the help of predesigned questionnaire. Results: The overall prevalence of psychosocial problem in the present study was found to be 40.5% with 34.5% in rural area & 46.5% in urban area. Among males it was found to be 48.1% and 26.5% among females. Conclusions: Psychosocial health status of male adolescents was poorer as compared to females with no difference with respect to area of residence. Average problem per adolescent was highest among late adolescents hence there is an immense need of timely intervention to preserve the psychosocial health of this apparently healthy group.

Key words: Adolescence, Psychosocial



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