For many intraoral soft-tissue surgical procedures the laser has become a desirable and dependable alternative to traditional scalpel surgery. Lasers easily ablate and reshape oral soft tissues. In addition, lasers increase haemostasis through heat-induced coagulation and occlusion of arterioles, venules, and capillaries. The resulting haemostasis allows for a clear and fully visible surgical field. Because of the intense heat, lasers also have the advantage of a bactericidal effect at the target site. Studies have reported that laser surgery, compared with traditional scalpel surgery, is less painful, features less swelling, and heals faster with less wound contraction.
A pool of research articles is available on the potential use, merits and demerits of laser therapy in dentistry. A humble effort has been made in this review to describe the current status of application of lasers in oral soft tissue surgeries.
Lasers, Laser applications, Laser merits and demerits, Laser hazards, Laser safety.