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Natl J Integr Res Med. 2014; 5(6): 20-23

An Anthropometric Study on the Carrying Angle of Elbow among Young Adults of Various Ethinicities in Malaysia

Vichard Lim*, Natasha Ashley Jacob*, Mohamed Fazreen Shah Ghani*, DareenLIm Chi Wang*, Anita Devi K**.

Background and Objectives: Prediction of stature from incomplete and decomposing skeletal remains is vital in establishing the identity of an unknown individual. Variety of factors such as race, gender and nutrition play an important role in determining the carrying angle of an individual. There were no study done in Malaysia to find the relationship of the carrying angle with common anthropological parameters and for comparing carrying angle among various ethnic group such as Malay, Chinese and Indians. This study was useful in finding the relationship of the discussed parameters with carrying angle among both genders and comparing between ethnics group in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: A total of 201 participants between ages of 18-25 years were included in the study. The carrying angle was measured and compared among the genders and among ethnic groups and data analysis was done using SPSS version 22. Results and Discussion: The findings indicated significant differences in the carrying angle between the genders and between left and right arm. The variation in carrying angle was significant among the males and females of various ethnicities. Conclusion: The findings in this study will be useful for clinicians, anatomists, archaeologists, anthropologists and forensic scientists when such evidence provides the investigator the only opportunity to gauge that aspect of an individual's physical description which are of value in management of arm fractures, introduction of prosthesis, evolutionary studies and forensic assessments. [Anita Devi K NJIRM 2014; 5(6):20-23]

Key words: Carrying angle, elbow, ethnic, goniometer, race

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