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Psychoactive Substance Use in Male Patients Hospitalized in an Acute Psychosis Clinic and Its Effect on Clinical Variables

Barış Sancak, Güliz Özgen, Ürün Özer, Utku Uzun.

Objective: Psychoactive substance use is common in psychotic patients and its prevalance was reported to be 3.2% in schizophrenia and 3.5% in bipolar disorder in Turkey. Substance use has been found to aggravate positive symptoms, increase the number of hospitalizations and relapses, and to be related with suicidal ideation, agression and noncompliance to treatment. In this study, it was aimed to determine the rate of subtance use in male patients hospitalized in an acute psychosis clinic, and investigate its effects on clinical and sociodemographic parameters.
Method: Records of patients who were hospitalized between 01 March-31 May 2014 have been examined retrospectively. Sociodemographic and clinical data forms have been filled. Data of physical restraints have been obtained from physical restraint registry book.
Results: In this study, ongoing substance use was detected in 109 of 351 patients (31.1%). Substance use was found to be more common in affective disorders (21.8%) than psychotic disorders (14%). Substance users were younger (mean age 28.9±7.4) than patients who do not use any substance (37.5±12.2) (p

Key words: psychoactive substance, psychosis, affective disorder

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