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RMJ. 2012; 37(3): 239-242


Anxiety and depression in patients of dengue fever

Mmaqbool Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Ahmad, Saba Mir, Fahad Iftikhar, Maliha Fahad, Muhammad Khalid.

Abstract
ABSTRACT

Objective: To asses Anxiety and Depression in hospitalized patients of Dengue Fever.
Study design: Cross-sectional descriptive study.
Place and duration of study: This study was conducted in the especially established general public ward for dengue fever patients at combined military hospital (CMH) Lahore Cantt from September to November 2011.
Patients and Methods: Ninety seven hospitalized patients suffering from Dengue Fever were selected conveniently from general public ward at CMH Lahore. Written informed consent was obtained. Diagnostic instruments like Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale (HAD Scale) Urdu version was used for data collection.
Results: Total enrolled patients were 97 with mean age 35.8 years, out of this 35 (36%) were males and 62 (64%) females. Results showed that out of 97 patients 26(26.8%) had mild anxiety, 38(39.2%) had severe anxiety while 33(34%) were normal. However, out of 97 patients 34(35.1%) had mild depression, 45(46.4%) had severe depression and 18(18.6%) had no depression.
Conclusion: More than half of the patients (66%) in this study were suffering from anxiety and more than three fourth (81.5%) of the patients were suffering from depression. Recognition of these problems in patients of Dengue fever is of fundamental importance in the management of patients. The quality of life can be improved in such patients with treatment by psychiatrist.

Key words: Dengue Fever (DF), Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale (HAD Scale), Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS).



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