OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the personality profiles in patients with episodic and chronic migraine and determine the impact of depression on migraine chronification.
METHOD: Thirty one chronic migraine patients, twenty nine episodic migraine patients and 23 healthy volunteers participated in this study. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and Beck Depression Inventory were administered to asses the personality profiles and depression.
RESULTS: There were no significant difference in sociodemographic features like age, gender, education, income between patients and healthy controls. Mean scores of MMPI showed a high level in hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria-conversion and paranoia in both migraine groups than control subjects. Comorbid depression was significantly higher in both episodic and chronic migraineurs than control group.
CONCLUSION: Migraineurs have different personality profiles from those of the general population. Depression may be a risk factor for transformation from episodic to chronic migraine.
MMPI, migraine, personality, depression