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J Clin Exp Res. 2014; 2(3): 152-157

Profile of deaths due to burns at tertiary care center: A one year retrospective study

Kalpesh R. Chaudahri, Mehul C. Upadhyay, Alpesh B. Bambhaniya, Rahul A. Mehta, Mahesh M. Trangadia, Rajendra D. Kharadi.

Background: In India, burns injury is one of the major causes of death, specifically in females. The problem of burns in India is more due to various socio-economic and cultural factors present in the country. The exact estimation of burns incidence is very much difficult due to large population and lack of reporting. Objective: To study the pattern of burns injuries in relation to age, sex, marital status, manner of death and period of survival, area of body burnt and total percentage of burns sustained. Material and Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, M. P. Shah Govt. Medical College and Guru Gobindsingh Govt. Hospital, Jamnagar during the period from July-2013 to August-2012. Results: The present study reveals that in the taken region, one-third of the patients died because the burns extend above 90% of the total body surface area and due to these victims died within 48 hr of incidence. Majority of victims were females and shock was the most common cause of death. Most of the burn injuries were accidental in nature and were more common in rural population than in urban population. Females in the age-group of 21-30 years were more susceptible to burn injuries.

Key words: Body surface area, burns, manner of death

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