It has been suggested that risk of psychiatric disorders increase in menopausal period. Especially, depression is common in this period. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the menopausal depression and depression history and life events.
This study has been carried out in a Menopause Unit of an hospital and psychiatry clinic. 40 women in postmenopausal period with depressive disorder and 40 healthy control subjects were included. The diagnosis of depression in each participating patient was confirmed by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). The level of depression was assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory. Life events were determined by the Life Events Rating Scale.
We found that 37.5 percent of the depressive group had previously depressive attacks. The study group reported higher exposure rates to life events such as loss, separation, financial problems and change of customs in 7-12 mounth and 0-12 mounth before the study. Furthermore, it was found that the study group was suffering from menopausal symptomathology more, and and the depression severity was correlated to the severity of the menopausal semptomathology.
In our study, we suggest that previously depressive attacks and life events may predict depression in menopausal period.
Menopause, depression, life events