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IJHSR. 2015; 5(1): 206-218

Relationship between Organizational Culture, Occupational Stress and Locus of Control among Staff Nurses at Zagazig University Hospitals in Egypt.

Manal Saleh Moustafa, Magda Atiya Gaber.

Background: Culture within an organization is very important; playing a large role in the hospital and occupational stress is increasing globally in all countries, organizations, among employees and nurses. Additionally, locus of control is viewed as an important element to affect and deal to the occupational stress.The study determines relationship between organizational culture, occupational stress and locus of control among staff nurses at Zagazig University Hospital in Egypt.
Methods: A descriptive correlation design was conducted at Zagazig University hospitals. A stratified proportionate sample included all nurses who have more than one year of experience. Four tools were used: the Demographic form, Organizational Culture Inventory, Stress Rating Scale and Internal external locus of control scale.
Results: A total of 315 staff nurses agreed to participate in the study; most of them they were female with age ranged from 26-30years and had diploma degree in nursing. Half of the participants had 5-10 years of experience and highest of nurses was married. The highest percentage of nurses satisfying with constructive culture and considered was positive culture style, most of staff nurses were highly stressed and majority nurses had both external- internal locus of control.
Conclusions: there were statistically significant differences between organizational culture, norms and locus of control. Conversely, no significant relation between factors contributing to stress and locus of control except lack of support from leadership and nurses capabilities statistically significant differences with locus of control.

Key words: organizational culture, occupational stress, internal locus of control, external locus of control.

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