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Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among Yoruba adults in a semi-urban community in South-Western Nigeria

Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olapeju A Esimai, Olusegun Tope Afolabi, Olutayo Olubunmi Aloba, Boladale Moyosore Mapayi.

Abstract
Background: Previous cross-cultural and mono-cultural studies have reported the prevalence of depressive symptoms to vary across different populations and ethnic groups. Research on prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among adults in the different geopolitical regions of Nigeria is sparse, despite the differences in sociocultural attribute.
Aim: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among Yoruba adults in South-Western Nigeria.
Methods: Data on 200 Yoruba adults residing in Ile-Ife, Nigeria were collected using a questionnaire composed of socio-demographic data, quality of life, overall health, perceived stress and depressive symptoms.
Result: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among the respondents was 17.0% (male = 15.9%, female = 18.3%). The depressed respondents reported higher mean scores on all items of the Zung’s SDS compared to the non-depressed except in suicidal rumination. Smoking of tobacco was significantly associated depression (p

Key words: Depressive symptoms; Yoruba; Community; Nigeria; Prevalence



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