Malignancy occurs with increased frequency in the HIV-positive population. The true incidence of prostate cancer in this population is unknown. In the few cases that have been presented in the literature, prostate cancer in HIV-positive men appears to behave much like it does in HIV-negative men. Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men and the second leading cause of cancer death. Its incidence increases with age and it is more prevalent in African-American men. Though in the past, the incidence was said to be low among Sub-Saharan African men, recent studies have shown that it is becoming a public health concern. HIV disproportionately impacts ethnic groups with increased risk of prostate cancer and has been associated with increases in the incidence of certain malignancies. Despite the high prevalence of both diseases, there is relatively little literature about prostate cancer in HIV-positive patients. There is no consensus on how to screen or treat this patient population. Here we present a case report of a 65-year old man with prostate cancer who was incidentally found to be retroviral positive.
Prostate, cancer, retrovirus