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IJHSR. 2015; 5(3): 373-377


Management of Maxillofacial Trauma in Paediatric Patient with Open Cap Splint.

Mohammad Arif Lone, Mohammad Shakeel, Mohammad Imran, Ramanpreet Ranauta.

Abstract
Face is very delicate structure and it defines the identity of humans. Injury of the face requires treatment to restore the functions as it has proximity to very important structures like respiratory passage and brain case. Children’s are very prone to craniofacial trauma due to their greater cranial mass to body ratio. About 50% of paediatric trauma cases are found between the ages of 8-12 years. The cause of trauma can be fall from a height. Sports injuries, hit by animals, Road traffic Accident. Treatment of any maxillofacial injury depends upon preservation of life, maintenance of function and restoration of appearance. This can be achieved by open or closed reduction of the maxillofacial trauma. In paediatric patients due to growth of skeletal bone and dental buds open reduction and rigid internal fixation may lead to inhibition of growth and development so closed reduction may be performed by using cap splint fixed to the teeth by performing circum mandibular and circum Zygomatic wiring.

Key words: Condyle fracture, Symphysis and Para Symphysis Fracture, Maxillofacial injury, Open Cap Splint



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