The aim of this work was to follow the kinetics of parasitic eggs elimination after two anthelmintic treatments in dromedary camels. This study was performed on three groups of four female camels bred in semi-extensive system. The first group was the untreated control, while the second one received sub-cutaneous injection of Ivermectine (Ivermectyl 1% ® medivet) and the third received Albendazole (Dalben 1.9 ® ceva) by oral route. Microscopic examinations of 180 fecal samples showed predominance of Trichostrongylus (94%), then Trichuris (9%), Nematodirus (4%) and finally fasciola (0.5%). The statistical results of the fecal egg count showed a slow decrease of eggs elimination in the group treated by injection reaching the mean reducing rate of 55% at the end of the experimental period, whereas in the group drenched with Albendazole, the parasitic eggs elimination decreased rapidly with a mean reducing rate exceeding 95% beyond the third day of experimental period. It can be concluded that oral treatment by Albendazole has a very potent effect for deworming camels and reducing the fecal elimination of helminth eggs on pastures and consequently for improving camel productivity.
Camel, Digestive worms, Antihementic Treatment