Ecuadorian stingless bees (Apidae, Meliponini) have ethnomedicinal interest because their products are used in healing. Diverse remedies consist on pot-honey alone or mixed with infusions. This set of medicinal uses were informed in El Oro province by Ecuadorian stingless bee keepers âknown as meliponicultorsâ in Latin America: bruises, tumors, ocular cataracts, pterygium, inflammation, infections, varicose veins, cleaning blood after childbirth, kidney diseases, tumor, wound healing, and soothing balm before sleeping. Scaptotrigona ederi named âcatianaâ or âcatanaâ is the most frequent bee in the visited cantons Las Lajas, Balsas, Piñas, and Zaruma. Other important stingless bees are Melipona indecisa âcananamboâ, Melipona mimetica âbermejoâ, Nannotrigona cf. perilampoides âpitónâ, and Paratrigona aff. eutaeniata âpirungaâ. A bioprospective research will follow to value this ancient tradition and the honey processed in cerumen pots, with sound inclusion in the Ecuadorian honey regulation NTE INEN 1572, currently under revision.
Ecuador, Geotrigona, medicinal uses, Melipona, Meliponini, pot-honey, Scaptotrigona