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Improper agricultural practices lead to landslide and mass movement
disasters: A case study based on upper Madi watershed, Nepal

Anup Gurung1, Om Prakash Gurung2, Rahul Karki3 and Sang Eun Oh1*.

Abstract
Damage, destruction, and fatalities related to landslide and mass movement are common phenomena in theHimalayan countries like Nepal, especially during the monsoon period. In Nepal, landslides represent a majorconstraint on livelihood and development, causing high levels of economic loss and substantial casualties eachyear. This fact was tragically illustrated on 3 August 2010, when Nang-Nung of Taprang, situated at the 22 kmaway from the Pokhara valley, upper Madi watershed, experienced a catastrophe landslide powered by the Madiriver. The landslide and the debris flow caused widespread damage to life and property and destroyed valuableinfrastructure in the area and the adjoining villages. 72 houses were swept away, 59 houses were partiallydamaged, 58.4 ha of land was washed away, 6 people were wounded, 5 people were killed, and many socialinfrastructures were damaged. The disaster was a result of a landslide triggered by heavy precipitation andstream undercutting the existing landslide.

Key words: Adaptive capacity, Debris flow, Landslide, Summer monsoon, Upper Madi watershed



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