A study was carried out on the practice of artificial insemination with the objective of the evaluation of its adoption in dairy cattle farmers in Kigali province in Rwanda. Structured questionnaires were administered from late June to early July 2013 to 69 farmers from Gasabo, Kicukiro and Nyarugenge districts, for this study. The majority of dairy farmers in this region possess crossbreeds and a few pure exotic breeds. Most of them judged the success of artificial insemination to be good well as others judged it to be very good. Furthermore, the respondents gave important reasons of the use of artificial insemination: milk production due to the highly improved breeds got through artificial insemination, reproductive diseases control and the accessibility of bull semen. Also, some constraints were pointed out: few inseminators, less availability and expensive sexed semen and high prices of artificial insemination services. Although artificial insemination services still have constraints, its acceptability is very high and its results are also averagely good.
Artificial insemination, dairy cattle, rate of success, Rwanda, adoption.