This study was conducted from October 2011 till September 2012 to detect the prevalence of anemia and relationship with parasitic (protozoan and helminthes) infection. A total of 389 samples (feceses and blood) were examined form patients attended to primary health center in Al-Doullab Village (Babylon Province Iraq). Their ages ranged from 1-55 years. The overall percentage of anemia was 20.9% and the highest percentage incidences were 59.2% in females in comparison with males (40.8%). The overall percentage of parasitic infection was 60.15% distributed as 58.7% for females and 60.9% for males. The highest percentages were those of Entamoeba histolytica followed by Enterobius vermicularis, Giardia lamblia, Ancylostoma deudenale, then Ascaris lumbricoides and the lowest were Trichuris trichura.The percentage of anemia is higher in persons infected with E. histolytica, G. lamblia, T. trichura and A. lumbricoides ,while the percentage of infection with E. vermicularis is higher in non anemic individuals. Otherwise the highest percentage of infection by E. histolytica appears in the age group 31- 40 while the lowest was in age group 41- 50 and more. As regard to infection of G. lamblia the highest infection was in age 1-10 while the lowest was in age 31- 40. E. vermicularis was dominant in age 41-50 and less in the age 1-10 years. The highest infection with A. duedenale was in the age 31-40 while the lowest was in age 11-20 years. The highest infection rate of A. lumbricoides was in the age 1-10 while the lowest was in age 11-20 years. The highest infection rate with T. trichura was in the age 1-10 while the lowest was in age 11-20 years. As regards to hemoglobin concentration and the type of parasite, the highest concentration was observed in case of infection by G. lamblia then E. histolytica, A. lumbricoides, E. vermicularis, T. trichura and the lowest was in A. duedenale. Cocerning the concentration of hemoglobin in different age groups, the highest concentration was arranged in the age groups 41-50, 31-40, 1-10, 11-20, and 21-30 years.
Parasitic infection, Anemia