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IJHSR. 2015; 5(5): 66-71


Evaluation Of Knowledge & Preventive Practices Regarding Breast & Cervical Cancer Among Women Of Reproductive Age Group (15 To 45 Year) Of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) Area.

Kapil J. Govani, Darshan K. Mahyavanshi, Mitali G. Patel, Hinal G. Baria, Anand G. Shah, Bansi K. Davda.

Abstract
Introduction: Breast and cervical cancer are two important cancers in females at worldwide.
Aims & objectives: 1) To evaluate and improve knowledge on different aspects of breast and cervical cancer among participants. 2) To assess and improve the preventive practices of participants for breast and cervical cancer.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted at slum areas of Beharampura ward of south zone, AMC. Study group was women of reproductive age group. Study period was January to June 2014. Data was collected for 200 selected women. Structured proforma was used for data collection purpose.
Results & discussion: According to participants, commonest risk factor for breast cancer was familial history (58.5%) and for cervical cancer it was multiple sexual partners (71%). Commonest symptom for breast cancer was visible lump/swelling in breast (61.5%) and for cervical cancer was abdominal pain (56%). Commonest diagnostic technique for breast cancer was X-ray (42%) and for cervical cancer was abdominal-USG (36%). Poor awareness was noted for Pap test (14.5%). Most of participants preferred to go for medical checkup only in case of doubtful symptoms of breast (68.5%) and cervical (56%) cancer.
Conclusion: Average knowledge of participants was observed for risk factors, symptoms and diagnostic techniques of breast and cervical cancer. Priority of medical checkup should be given on regular base and not only in case of doubtful symptoms.

Key words: Reproductive women, knowledge, breast & cervical cancer, preventive practices



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