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IJHSR. 2015; 5(5): 357-363


Stigma among Tuberculosis Patients under Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course at Urban Setting of Western Nepal.

Ritu K.C., Anup K.C., Ishor Sharma, Shanti Poudel, Susma K.C., Dipendra Malla.

Abstract
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) stigmatization among the patients add perceived risk of transmission to its susceptible host and self discrimination attributed by stigma developed among the patients lead to social isolation that have a impact on TB control.
Objectives: To access Stigma among Tuberculosis Patients under Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS) at Urban Setting of Western Nepal.
Methods: An institutional based descriptive cross-sectional study was done among 142 patients attending 12 Urban DOTS centre of headquarter of Western Development Region of Nepal. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling techniques was used to select the samples and was followed by Simple Random Sampling to select the subject were selected using a random technique. Piloted and Pretested structured questionnaire developed by the Department of Public Health, Pokhara University was used to collect regarding socio-demographic information, knowledge and self perceived stigma among TB patients. Microsoft Excel was used for data entry and cleaning and analysis was done through SPSS version 16.0. P-value less than 0.05 were taken as the cut-off values for test of statistical significance between the variables.
Results: Majority (56.5%) of the patients undergone DOTS still have stigma of TB and is statistically significant with marital status (P-value

Key words: Stigma, Urban, DOTs, Patients, Tuberculosis.



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