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Study of prevalence of different species of malarial parasites and comparison of hematological parameters in different malarial parasite species

Shraddha Gondaliya, Hardik Makwana, Nayana Lakum, Ashok Agnihotri.

Abstract
Background: Malaria is one of the major public health problems. Currently, almost 100 countries or territories in the world are considered to be affected by malaria, with Africa and South of Sahara accounting for half of them. The estimation of WHO is that 1.7 to 2.5 million deaths and 300 to 500 million cases of malaria occur each year globally. The disease is distributed in all parts of India.

Objective: To find out the prevalence of different species of malaria in Surendranagar district (Gujarat, India) and comparison of different hematological parameters between the species. Basic procedure includes all patients revealing malaria infection by any species.

Material and Methods: Hematological parameters such as hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), total leukocyte count (TLC), platelet count, and red cell distribution width (RDW) were determined by using automated cell counter, and peripheral smear examination for malarial parasite was taken as gold standard for diagnosis of malaria.

Result: Of the 129 patients, 60 patients revealed Plasmodium falciparum malaria and 69 patients revealed Plasmodium vivax malaria; other species has not been identified in this region. Anemia (Hb < 10 g/dL, p = 0.00), platelet count (

Key words: Malaria, prevalence, hematological parameters



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