Objectives: Infertility has been shown to impact negatively on quality of life of women affected by it. The study evaluated predictors of quality of life among infertile women in a Nigerian teaching hospital.
Methods: Quality of life was measured using WHOQOL-BREF tool in 170 women attending the infertility clinic, and socio-demographic characteristics of the women were also recorded.
Data was analysed using SPSS 17 and variables were compared using Chi square, Independent T test and ANOVA while logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictive factors affecting quality of life.
Results: Women with secondary infertility obtained higher scores in all the four domains even though they did not achieve statistical significance (p > 0.05) but have significantly higher overall total quality of scores (p < 0.05). Women with post-primary education, who are employed, in a monogamous and legally constituted marriage and with lower duration of infertility, obtained higher scores in all domains except environment (p < 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that the higher educational and employment status and legally constituted marriage had a positive impact, whereas prolonged duration of infertility, polygamous family setting and contribution to family upkeep had a negative impact on total QoL scores.
Conclusion: Infertility impairs various aspects of quality of life of women. There should be comprehensive evaluation of infertile patients including her social and psychological problems and appropriate counselling offered.
Quality of life, infertility, women, South western Nigeria.