Introduction: India is the 2nd most populous country of the world with till high fertility rate which hamper socioeconomic development of the country. For this purpose addressing unmet need especially of marginalized population is very important. The present study aims to determine the prevalence and determinants of unmet need of family planning in tribal population of Purulia district of West Bengal.
Methodology: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Balarampur block, Purulia district of West Bengal, among 140 tribal married women of reproductive age group. Unmet need for family planning included the proportion of currently-married women who did not want any more children or wanted more children after two years or later and were not using any methods of family planning at the time of study. Information related to contraceptive practice, unmet need and the relevant covariates was obtained through a pretested predesigned structured schedule.
Results: 32.1% participants (and their partners) used any of the contraceptive methods. Prevalence of unmet need was 50.7%. Lack of awareness was found to be most important cause of unmet need. Regarding socio-demographic determinants of unmet need of family planning, number of living child had significant effect in bivariate analysis (OR=3.47) and also when adjusted with other variables (AOR=3.26). Education of participants had also significant effect (OR:2.42).
Conclusion: Present study revealed very high prevalence of unmet need of family planning among tribal population which was mainly due to lack of awareness. So immediate intervention measures including IEC and BCC activities have to be implemented.
Contraception, Unmet need, Spacing method, Limiting method.