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IJHSR. 2015; 5(7): 14-20


Association of Self-Reported Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Certain NCDRisk Factors in a Community Based Study.

Mohammad Shibly Khan, Zulfia Khan, Ali Amir, Nafis Faizi.

Abstract
Background: Type 2Diabetesis a significant cause of mortality and morbidity, individually as well as in the presence of other non-communicable diseases and their risk factors.
Aims & Objective: To determine the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and certain NCD risk factors. Materials and
Methods: The present study is a part of cross sectional, community based study conducted among the employees of a University in North India. A total of 540 employees selected through random sampling proportionately from all grades of university staff. The definition of diabetes was based on the already diagnosed type 2 diabetes, by physician, as reported by the subjects themselves. The secondary analysis was done to look for an association between self-reported diabetes mellitus and certain other risk factors for non-communicable diseases.
Results: The prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus was found to be 7.9%. The self-reported diabetes was found to be higher with higher age (496 years vs. 4210 years), weight (71.0212.73 kg vs. 67.4411.65 kg), higher BMI (25.463.89 kg/m2vs.25.043.78 kg/m2), higher waist circumference (93.018.03 cm vs. 88.0110.46 cm) and mean systolic blood pressure (13311 mm of Hg vs. 12513 mm Hg).The proportions of subjects with abdominal obesity, hypertension and hyper-cholestrolaemia were found to be significantly higher among known diabetic subjects as compared to non-diabetics.
Conclusion: The self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus was found to be significantly associated with raised waist circumference, hypertension and hyper-cholestrolaemia among the study population.

Key words: type 2 diabetes mellitus, association, NCD risk factors.



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