Background: Type 2Diabetesis a significant cause of mortality and morbidity, individually as well as in the presence of other non-communicable diseases and their risk factors.
Aims & Objective: To determine the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and certain NCD risk factors. Materials and
Methods: The present study is a part of cross sectional, community based study conducted among the employees of a University in North India. A total of 540 employees selected through random sampling proportionately from all grades of university staff. The definition of diabetes was based on the already diagnosed type 2 diabetes, by physician, as reported by the subjects themselves. The secondary analysis was done to look for an association between self-reported diabetes mellitus and certain other risk factors for non-communicable diseases.
Results: The prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus was found to be 7.9%. The self-reported diabetes was found to be higher with higher age (49±6 years vs. 42±10 years), weight (71.02±12.73 kg vs. 67.44±11.65 kg), higher BMI (25.46±3.89 kg/m2vs.25.04±3.78 kg/m2), higher waist circumference (93.01±8.03 cm vs. 88.01±10.46 cm) and mean systolic blood pressure (133±11 mm of Hg vs. 125±13 mm Hg).The proportions of subjects with abdominal obesity, hypertension and hyper-cholestrolaemia were found to be significantly higher among known diabetic subjects as compared to non-diabetics.
Conclusion: The self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus was found to be significantly associated with raised waist circumference, hypertension and hyper-cholestrolaemia among the study population.
type 2 diabetes mellitus, association, NCD risk factors.