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IJHSR. 2015; 5(7): 32-37


Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors in Pregnant Women in a Teaching Hospital of Mangalore.

Preeti Tiwari, Poonam R Naik, Abhay S Nirgude, Soumya Shetty.

Abstract
Introduction: Anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency disorder in the world. Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in Karnataka is 50.14%.
Aim: To assess the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and to study the factors associated with it.
Material and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Yenepoya Medical College and Hospital with the approval of the institutional ethical committee during the period of January 2014 to June 2014 among 386 pregnant women who attended ANC clinic. Pregnant women registered in Antenatal register were included and those having twin gestation, bleeding disorders were excluded from the study. Data was collected from ante-natal register using predesigned, pretested, validated and structured proforma and analysed with SPSS v.16.0.
Result: The prevalence of anemia in pregnant women is 41.5%. The study found higher prevalence of anemia among those pregnant women whose age at pregnancy was less than 21 year or more than 30 years, women with high parity (40.6%), women with spacing of less than or equal to 1 year between consecutive pregnancies (61.3%) , all the pregnant women who did not consume iron-folic acid tablet at all and majority of the women who consumed iron folic acid for less than 2 months.
Prevalence of anemia was statistically significant with age at pregnancy, number of children, spacing between present and previous pregnancy, past history of abortion and iron folic acid (IFA) consumption.
Conclusions: The study reported a higher prevalence of anemia in pregnant women (41.5%).

Key words: Anemia, pregnant women, prevalence.



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