Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1



Seroprevalence of hepatitis C in renal failure patients on maintenance hemodialysis Study in a tertiary care hospital Western India

Geetha Priyadharsini Subramanian, Mahendra M Vegad, Minesh G Vadsmiya, Sweta M Murawala, Falguni V Patel.

Abstract
Background: Hepatitis C is endemic in most parts of the world. It is a blood borne infection, which has a significant impact in treatment and outcome of renal failure patients undergoing dialysis.

Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis C in renal failure patients on maintenance hemodialysis in a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: This study was carried out retrospectively on patients undergoing hemodialysis whose samples were received for Hepatitis C screening in the Department of Microbiology, BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. A total of 910 patients were included in the study conducted over a period of 12 months. Screening for anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies was done by a third-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and their epidemiological data were analyzed.

Result: Of the 910 patients screened for anti-HCV antibodies, 25 patients were found to be positive for Hepatitis C. The overall seroprevalence of hepatitis C among dialysis patients was 2.7%. The HCV positive rates were more among the males and highest in the age group of 3060 years. Only 44% seropositive patient had raised alanine transaminase level.

Conclusion: Regular screening of hepatitis C patients is mandatory as it has a detrimental effect contributing to morbidity and mortality. Strict adherence to infection control practices should be prioritized in the health-care settings to reduce the burden of disease among the high-risk groups.

Key words: Hepatitis C, hemodialysis, prevalence



Share this Article


Advertisement
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons