A STUDY TO EVALUATE CORONARY HEART DISEASE, CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT AND RENAL FAILURE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE AND NON-HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS ADMITTED IN MEDICINE DEPARTMENT OF TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, AHMEDABAD
Nirmal Brahmbhatt, Hitesh Bhabhor, Ashish Chaudhari, Anoop Singh, Sohil Mansuri.
Background: Hypertension is the major public health problem in India and is associated with major life threatening complication. In fact, hypertension is the most prevalent chronic disease in India. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of life threatening complications among hypertensive and non-hypertensive patients. Materials and Methods: A retrospective hospital study was carried out among all 847 patients admitted during study period. The participants were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaire as well as their records were observed. Data was compiled and analysed in MS Excel, using chi-square test and proportions. Results: Occurrence of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular accident and renal failure among hypertensive and non-hypertensive patients was evaluated. Among study population 20.30% were Hypertensives (11.57% males and 8.73% females) and 79.70% were Non-Hypertensives (50.88% males and 28.80% females). Out of 172 hypertensive patients higher number of patients were in age group of 51-60 years and 61-70 years. Occurrence of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accident was higher among Hypertensives as compared to Non-Hypertensives and was statistically significant. Conclusion: The occurrence of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accident was significantly higher in hypertensive patients than non- hypertensive patients among study population.