An assessment of sociodemographic factors and family planning practices in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India: a cross sectional studyMittal Rathod, Dipesh Parmar, Aniruddha Gohel, Mehul Kaliya, Sumit Unadakat, Nirmika Patel.
Background: India was the first country in the world to launch a National Family Planning Programme in 1952. It was purely a demographic programme with the sole objective of reducing the birth rate to stabilize the population. As per 2011 census population increased with the growth rate of 17.7%. Thus even after 63 years of programme & many more new advances & updates in programme, India could not reach its target of at least 60% of couple protection rate. So there would be some definite factors prohibiting its use.
Methods: A cross section study of 450 reproductive age group women was conducted to find out the factors of unmet need of contraception & socio demographic profile.
Results: In present study couple protection rate was 57.11%, majority being permanent sterilization. The selection of contraception was influenced by her husband in 43.24% & by mother-in-law in 62.16%.
Conclusions: The study revealed that almost half of the couple population was using the contraception that included temporary as well as permanent methods of contraception.
Reproductive age group, CPR, Family planning practice