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Dissociative disorder in children and adolescents and their personality profile: a comparative study

Sudhir Kumar Rana, Shobit Garg, Preeti Mishra, Mrityunjaya Kumar, Jyoti Mishra Pandey.

Background: Studies demonstrate the change in nature of dissociation in accordance with increasing age but there is dearth of literature studying the differential influence of personality factors in childhood and adolescent dissociation respectively. Personality attributes putatively determine the overt expression of nature of dissociative symptoms in childhood and adolescent dissociative symptoms differentially. Objective: Aim of this study was to compare the personality profiles of children and adolescents onset dissociative disorder.
Methods: 60 subjects with diagnosis of dissociative disorders were included in this study with 30 subjects with 8-12 years of age and 30 adolescents with 13-16 years of age. Children in the age group of 8-12 years were given children personality questionnaire (CPQ) and adolescents were given 16 PF (form B) which are a paper-pencil self-administered questionnaires.
Results: Both the groups were comparable for various socio-demographic and clinical variables except habitat and education. Children in younger age group were found to be more serious, taciturn, internally restrained, depressed and apprehensive. Adolescents on other hand were more aggressive, stubborn and aggressive.
Conclusions: Dissociation in childhood and adolescents is a malleable developmental phenomenon determined by core personality attributes.

Key words: Childhood dissociative disorders, Adolescent dissociative disorders, Personality profiles

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