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IJHSR. 2015; 5(9): 237-241

Deleterious Effects of Petrol Fumes on Erythrocytes.

Deepa Sanjeev Nair, Madhura Yogesh Bedekar, Meena Jitendra Agrawal.

Background: Petrol or gasoline is the most commonly used transport fuels. Volatile nature of petrol products make them readily available in the atmosphere any time it is dispersed especially at petrol filling stations. Studies conducted in the animals and human beings suggested that long term exposure to petrol has a deleterious effect on blood cells. The present study is an attempt to establish the deleterious effect of long term exposure to petrol fumes on hemoglobin as well as erythrocytes.
Methods: The study was conducted in petrol pump attendants in Pune, India. Our test group consisted of apparently healthy adult male aged 25-45 years working in the petrol pump for more than 5 years. The control group consisted of adult male aged 25-45 years with no history of exposure to petrol.5 ml of peripheral venous blood samples were collected. Parameters tested were hemoglobin content, R B C count, packed cell volume, Mean Corpuscular Volume and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin. Student’s ‘t’ test was used for statistical analysis. p

Key words: Petrol pump attendants, Hemoglobin content, RBC count, Packed Cell volume, mean corpuscular Volume, Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin.

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American Journal of Research in Medical Sciences


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