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Natl J Integr Res Med. 2015; 6(4): 56-62


Study Of Blood Donors Characteristics At Teaching Hospital, Western India

Dr. Piyush Patel*, Dr. Sangeeta Patel**, Dr. Manoj Patel***.

Abstract
Background & Objective: Blood is an amazing fluid. Blood is obtained only from healthy human being, till date we are not able to prepare blood artificially and no effective substitute is invented. Blood donor is the main brick on which whole building of blood transfusion service is standing. Blood transfusion considered life saving measure to patient if used appropriately but at the same time it is harmful and potential vector of transfusion transmitted infection like HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, syphilis, malaria and many others. Methodology: The present study was carried out at blood bank of GMERS medical college and hospital, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. The period of the study included 6 calendar years from 1st January 2009 to 31st December 2014.whole blood was collected from voluntary and replacement blood donors after following stringent screening criteria. Blood donor details like age, sex, weight, hemoglobin, blood group and transfusion transmitted infections status were noted. Results: Whole blood was collected from 14276 blood donor during study period. Out of them voluntary blood donors were 12606(88.30%) and replacement blood donors were 1670(11.70%). Total male donor and total female donor were 13266(92.93%) and 1010(7.07%) respectively. Age group 21-25 years blood donors donated maximum numbers 3418(23.94%).prevalance of B blood group 5373(37.64%) followed by O blood group 4321(30.27%), A blood group 3262(22.85%), AB blood group 1319(9.24%).out of 14276 transfusion transmitted infections tested blood units, 70(0.5%) blood units were positive for transfusion transmitted infections. Conclusion: Even Among all types of blood donors Voluntary blood donors are major part. Blood donor in Age group 18-30 years are the major source of blood collection. B positive is the most common and AB positive is least common blood groups. Seropositive prevalence of Transfusion transmitted infections in blood donor is 0.5% in all blood donors. HBsAg is the most common transfusion transmitted infections in blood donors. [Patel P NJIRM 2015; 6(4): 56-62]

Key words: blood donor, blood groups, transfusion transmitted infections.



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