Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access


Assessment of initiation of post-exposure prophylaxis with anti-rabies vaccine in cases of dog bites: an observational study

Jaiprakash B. Ramanand, Swapnil Chudaman Jaykare, Sunita J. Ramanand, Ajitkumar M. Zende, Rama R. Bhosale, Jyoti R. Patil.

Background: The management of rabies is challenging because of the long incubation period, lack of specificity of early prodromal symptoms and 100% fatality rate. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with anti-rabies vaccine (ARV) at the earliest has proven life-saving. Studies conducted in many parts of the country have shown that the time interval between exposure and initiation of PEP is wide. The objective was to study the profile of dog bites cases and assess initiation of PEP with ARV.
Methods: Prospective observational study where prescription sheets of all new cases of dog bite injury were evaluated for a period of 3-month.
Results: The victims of dog bite were predominantly males (72.41% males vs. 27.59% females, n=551). 45% cases belonged to the age group of 15-44 years. The majority of the cases (88.03%) were of wound Category II. The most common site of a dog bite was lower limb (80.94%). The percentage of cases who had received ARV within 24 hrs was 41.92, between 1 and 3 days was 31.03, between 4 and 10 days was 21.60, whereas 5.45% cases received vaccine after 10 days of exposure.
Conclusion: Substantial proportion of victims of dog bite did not report and receive PEP within 24 hrs of exposure.

Key words: Anti-rabies vaccine, Critical time interval, Dog bite, Post-exposure prophylaxis

Share this Article

American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons