Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access


Antibiotic usage for rotaviral diarrhea among children in Libya

Salem I Alkoshi, Kacey C Ernst, Maznah B Dahlui.

Background: In Libya, routine access to rotavirus testing is not available and clinicians treat presumptively, leading to inappropriate treatments. This study describes the management of rotavirus infection among Libyan children in public hospitals.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted to describe the management of rotavirus among children in three public hospitals in Libya from August 2012 to April 2013. We reviewed internal documents to determine if protocols were in place to guide management of diarrheal illness. Children under five presenting with diarrhea had stool samples collected and tested for rotavirus. Comparisons of treatments were made by rotavirus status and level of dehydration; mild, moderate and severe.
Results: A total of 545 diarrhea patients below 5 years of age were enrolled in the study. Of those, 311 (57%) cases were infected by rotavirus. Treatment was administered without investigating the cause of diarrhea. Intravenous fluids (IVF) treatment was the most common treatment for rotavirus cases and was administered to 306 (98%) of cases. Antibiotics were administered to about 137 (44%) of rotavirus cases. Antibiotics were more likely to be administered with more severe dehydration.
Conclusions: Presumptive treatment with antibiotics was very common in Libyan. Protocols for management of diarrheal illness and rotavirus cases in children need to be established for effective treatment.

Key words: Medication, Antibiotics, Diarrhea, Rotavirus, Libya

Share this Article

Journal of Contemporary Medical Education


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons