Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access


Thyroid function determinants in cord blood of Nigerian neonates

Rebecca M. Gali, Iya E. Bassey, Alphonsus E. Udoh, Chinyere A. O. Usoro, Calvin M. Chama, Uwem O. Akpan.

Background: Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the most prevalent endocrine disorders in the newborn; early diagnosis and treatment have resulted in normal growth and development in nearly all cases. Data on congenital hypothyroidism in Nigeria is limited, hence, this study aims at establishing the baseline values and prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism as a prelude to a screening centre in our locality.
Methods: Cord blood samples were consecutively obtained from two hundred and eighty nine neonates born in the Delivery ward of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH). 152 (52.8%) of the neonates were males and 137 (47.2%) were females. Nineteen were preterm and 270 were full term. Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4) and Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were analyzed using ELISA kits. Data was analyzed using student t test and Pearson correlation coefficient. The difference was considered statistically significant at p < 0.05.
Results: The mean T3, T4 and TSH, in preterm compared with full term neonates were similar (p>0.05). Triiodothyronine (T3) was undetectable in 75.8% of the neonates and very low in 24.2%. Twelve (4.2%) of the neonates had TSH levels >40IU/ml with a mean TSH of 61.714.7 IU/ml and a mean T4 of 7.73.7g/dl.
Conclusions: About 4.2% of neonates are at risk of congenital hypothyroidism with High TSH and low T4 values, T3 values are undetectable or very low in late prenatal life.

Key words: Cord serum, Thyroid hormones, Neonates

Share this Article

Journal of Molecular Pathophysiology


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons