IJHSR. 2015; 5(12): 14-20
Epidemiological Trends and Practices of Animal Bite Victims Presenting to the OPD, District & Medical College Hospital, India. Rohit Trivedi, Sanjeev Kumar, Manoj Saxena, Anjana Niranjan, Manish Kumar.
Introduction: Rabies, an invariably fatal viral disease, is transmitted to humans through animal bites, most commonly dogs. The disease is preventable through timely pre-and post-exposure vaccination.
Methods: cross sectional institutional study was conducted in 406 animal bite victims animal bites victims presenting to the tertiary care hospital and district hospital Rewa, Madhya Pradesh. A pretested and structured oral questionnaire was used to elicit the required information regarding socio-demographic profile of animal bite victims, animal bite information & practices done after animal bites for prevention and control of rabies. Data was analyzed using graphpad software.
Results: Among 406 victims 76.3% were males, 56.7% belongs to 15-45 yrs, 61.6% were living in urban area,77.1% educated upto primary level or more,31.3% and 21.7% of the victims were agriculture worker and laborers respectively .95.8% victims bitten by dog, 89.4% had Category III bite, lower extremity was affected in 60.8%, 75.9% bites were unprovoked, fate of the animal was not known in 78.6% and 46% of the victims were affected during evening hours. 55.2% had taken home remedies immediately, 38.7% victims washed the animal bite site with water or soap with water before presenting to the hospital. 9.8% victims had taken ARV with in 24 hrs.
Conclusions: Animal bite especially dog bite still continues to be a public health problem affecting urban male of productive age group involved in outdoor activities. Practices for wound care and management and preventive measures for rabies is found to be poor.
Animal bite, Practices, Rabies, Epidemiology, India.