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JARMS. 2014; 6(4): 291-294


“WATERJET IRRIGATION: A PLAQUE CONTROL PROCEDURE- MYTH OR TRUTH?”

*Arora Manu, Chaubey Krishna Kumar, Arora Vipin Kumar,Thakur Rajesh Kumar, Madan Ellora, Joshi Neha.

Abstract
The accumulation of bacterial plaque at the gingival and approximal margins leads to gingivitis and, subsequently, the bacterial species
present in the plaque can move sub-gingivally and potentiate the periodontal infection. Regular removal of plaque can reduce the
incidence or severity of gingivitis and also alter the composition of the sub-gingival microflora. This, in turn, helps prevent the proliferation
of sub-gingival bacteria and advanced periodontal infections or recurrence of disease. The primary mechanical method to remove the
supra-gingival plaque is toothbrush. However, even the most meticulous tooth-brushing has not been found to eliminate the plaque
completely. As an adjunct, Waterjet irrigation has been introduced in dentistry. Pulsations and pressure are critical mechanisms in the
action of a dental water-jet. The combination provides for phases of compression and decompression of the gingival tissue to remove
supra-gingival plaque biofilm and expel gingival bacteria and other debris as well as stimulate gingival tissue. A study was planned to
evaluate the effect of Waterjet as a plaque control means. The pre- and post evaluation of clinical parameters reflected an additional benefit
over tooth-brushing alone.

Key words: Dental water-jet; oral irrigation; biofilm



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