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IJHSR. 2016; 6(1): 214-220


Effects of Four Different Hold and Rest Time Combinations of Intermittent Lumbar Traction in the Treatment of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Prolapse: A Comparative Study.

Rebecca Elizabeth Santhumayor, Dhanesh Kumar K.U, Ajith S.

Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of four different hold and rest time combinations in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc prolapse.
Methodology: A total number of forty subjects who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were recruited in the study. The subjects were divided into four groups of 10 each. Group A received intermittent lumbar traction of 20second hold with 1second rest, group B received traction of 40second hold with 5second rest, group C received 60second hold with 10second rest and subjects in group D received 80second hold with 20second rest. The scores of Modified-Modified Schoberís test, Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire, VAS and Straight Leg Raise were collected from the subjects before and one week after the intervention.
Results: All four groups showed improvements after one week of intervention. Groups with a longer hold and rest times i.e., 60second hold with 10second rest and 80second hold with 20second rest showed a higher statistical significance with a value (p= < 0.05) for modified-modified Schoberís test, Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire, VAS and Straight Leg Raise.
Conclusion: Based on the above results groups with longer hold and rest times i.e., groups 60s hold with 10s rest and 80s hold with 20s rest showed greater improvements in lumbar ROM, reduction in disability scores, improved mobility of the lower extremity during SLR test and a abatement in VAS scores. Thus the present study concludes that intermittent lumbar traction with longer hold and rest times is more effective in the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc prolapse.

Key words: Intervertebral Disc Prolapse, Intermittent Lumbar Traction, Hold and Rest time.



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