Dental caries is a unique multifactorial infectious disease and is the predominant cause of tooth loss in children and young. It is a diet-dependent infectious disease primarily attributed to the presence of oral bacteria. Nutrients play an important regulatory role in preserving health of the human body and of all metabolically active tissues. Micronutrients, vitamins and antioxidants play an essential role for constant regenerative processes, for coping with oxidative stress, and also for adequate immune responses. Undernutrition or malnutrition concerning certain food components can lead to defects of the dental hard tissues, the oral mucosa and the periodontium. Deficiency in Vitamin D during periods of tooth development may result in developmental defects like enamel hypoplasia, a significant risk factor for severe early childhood caries (S-ECC). Research shows that vitamin K2 and vitamin D together result in a far greater reduction of tooth decay than does either vitamin alone. Sound nutritional habits and a sufficient supply of essential vitamins and minerals are of considerable importance for oral health.
Dental Caries, Early Childhood Caries, Nutrition, Vitamins.