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IJTRR. 2016; 5(4): 139-145


INCIDENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL PERFORMANCE INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING TREATMENT AT KENYATTA NATIONAL HOSPITAL

Dan G. Ndiga, Juliet M. Mugga, William A. Omutsembi, Eunice W. Mwicigi, Stellamaris M. Muthini, David E. Kabarak.

Abstract
ABSTRACT

Introduction
Injuries occurring at work, home and leisure continue to be a challenge during occupational performance. Statistics show that approximately over 270 million people suffer occupationally related injuries. The cause and rates of these injuries however differ significantly.

Study Design
A descriptive exploratory design was adopted to unearth the type and causes of the occupational injuries among patients seeking treatment in Kenyatta National Hospital. A sample size of 360 respondents provided the appropriate information through administration of questionnaires, Data analysis was done using manual coding and a computer software SPSS. Ethical considerations were observed and approval obtained from the relevant agencies.

Results
Results revealed that males were significantly (61.7%; n=164) more involved in Occupational injuries as compared to females (47.5%; n=28) at the work place (P0.05). Sports had majority of the injuries that were reported (100%) when compared to individuals who are self employed (54.5%; n=84) but no difference was indicated with P>0.05.
Discussion
The role of occupational therapist is explored in relation to the work environments. Preventive and rehabilitative aspects of Occupational therapy are highlighted. The relationships between injuries associated occupational performance are also dissected.
Conclusion
Majority of patients seeing services in the hospital have occupational injuries associated with productive work and occurring at different times during the day. This calls for concerted efforts for all stakeholders including of occupational therapy in the design and monitoring of work place environments to ensure safety during occupational performance.

Key words: Incidence,Occupational perfomance injuries,Kenyatta National Hospital



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