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IJHSR. 2016; 6(2): 7-14

Determinants of Large Family Size Desire in Slums of Varanasi, UP, India.

Payal Singh, Pallavi Nayak, Rabindra Nath Mishra.

Introduction: The total fertility rate in major states of India is still 3.0 children and in socially disadvantaged class 4.0 children. Urban Slums are mostly socially disadvantaged class. The present analysis carried to identify the factors responsible for large family size desire.
Material & Methods: The study carried on eligible couples of Varanasi slums. Children desired 2 were considered small sized family and >2 large. Comparisons made by F test, t test and 2 test. Logistic regression was also carried.
Results: The larger family size desire was in 39.8% with overall average 2.55  0.89 children; highest was in Muslims (2.950.91); no difference was found between Hindus class category. Nuclear, lower income class desired larger family size. Youngers had lesser desire children. As education increased, desire of children significantly reduced. Only caste/religion, family type, PCI, age of both of husband & wife and education of wife were significant contributors to large family size desire. Compared to Muslim, large family size desire in General class was lesser by 40%. Desire of large family size was 2.27 times higher in nuclear families than joint. In lower income class larger family size desire was 1.5 times higher than middle income class and lesser by 60% if husband were 25-34 years compared with those  35 years. Compared to wife education above middle pass, large family size desire was more than 2.10 and 2.50 times higher among illiterate and up to middle pass wives.
Conclusion: The whole community constituted mostly by socially disadvantaged community with poor economic condition, poor educational background and living in traditional way needs to be educated about the benefits of small family size. Attitudinal change to small family norm can be brought through organizing intensive educational campaign.

Key words: Fertility, TFR, Family size, education, income.

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