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IJHSR. 2016; 6(2): 189-194

Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Immunization among Mothers of under Five Children of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Eastern India.

Swapan Kumar Dutta, Himangshu Mahato, Tanwi Bose, Sudipta Sil, Supreeti Biswas.

Objective: To identify maternal knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) about immunization.
Methods: Cross sectional survey among mothers attending immunization clinic was performed for a period of 3 months. Mothers who wished to take part were considered as subject. Participants were interviewed with pretested structured questionnaires of knowledge, attitude and practice about immunization. Data were collected in a predesigned, pretested Case Record Form and analysed by appropriate statistical software.
Results: Total participant were 400. Complete immunization found in 82.25% (n1=329) whereas 17.75% (n2=71) were partially immunized. Most of the studied samples were from urban (80.5%), while the rest from rural area. Paramedical field workers were the main source of information (55.25%) followed by community leaders (22.25%), while doctors were the least (3.50%). Among fully immunized, 92.40% mothers were educated whereas in partial immunization 85.92% were educated. Most of the working mothers (83.39%) completed their children’s immunization. Sickness was the most common cause for cessation of immunization, followed by social inhibition, forgetfulness and non-availability of the vaccine (53.43%, 22.73%, 15.91% and 7.93%) respectively.
Conclusion: Maternal education, attitude and source of immunization information were significant. Appropriate information dissemination through local languages and aggressive campaigning through involvement of community leaders are crucial for success of the programme.

Key words: Under five children Immunization, Immunization & maternal education, KAP study.

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