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IJHSR. 2016; 6(2): 232-235


Influence of Menopause on Oral Health: A Cross Sectional Study.

Jayam Raviraj, Venkata Sunil, Charitha M, Harhsa R, Lavanya T, Karthik V, Pratheeth G, Geetha.

Abstract
Purpose: Oral and dental health in post menopausal women is a rising concerning issue to the stomatologists. Though many clinical trials are conducted in the past, there is insufficient evidence regarding their correlation. Moreover clinically controlled studies are not available. Hence the present study was undertaken to assess the oral manifestations in post menopausal women and compare them with age matched male subjects serving as controls.
Materials and methods: 100 post menopausal women and 100 age matched men were included in the present study. Each individual was subjected to a preformed questionnaire [Table-1] which was divided into two sections namely oral symptoms and oral findings. Oral symptoms included history about dry mouth, burning mouth, altered taste perception, orofacial pain and dysphagia. Oral findings included xerostomia, DMFT status, periodontal status, halitosis, bald tongue, ulcerations and red & white lesions. The results thus obtained were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: Oral symptoms were more prevalent in post menopausal women compared to males, though were statistically insignificant. However oral findings showed greater prevalence in men, except for xerostomia, compared to post menopausal women [statistically insignificant]. Age wise comparison of oral symptoms was statistically significant as the age progressed. Oral findings were statistically insignificant with respect to age.
Conclusions: The findings of the present study conclude that oral symptoms were more prevalent in post menopausal women compared to men. Age could play an important role in the prevalence of oral symptoms and findings irrespective of gender.

Key words: burning mouth; menopause; oral health; xerostomia.



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