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IJTRR. 2016; 5(4): 33-38

Additional Effect of Trunk Stabilization Exercises on Gait and Balance in Chronic Stroke Patients: An Experimental Study

Bansari Jitendrasinh Gadhvi, Shraddha Jasmin Diwan, Neeta Jayprakash Vyas.

Background: The trunk being the central key point of the body; proximal stability of the trunk is pre-requisite for distal limb mobility, balance, gait and functional activities which is affected because of impaired trunk muscle strength and motor control.47
Purpose: To determine whether additional Trunk Stabilization Exercises along with conventional therapy program will improve gait and balance in chronic stroke patients. Methods: n=22 subjects with chronic stroke were recruited by convenient sampling method and divided in either Experimental group (n=12) and in Control group (n=10). Trunk control, gait and balance were tested by TIS, 10 MWT, BBS, step length, stride length and cadence. Subjects received 30 minutes of additional trunk stability exercise program 3 times/week for 4 weeks. Results: Results were analysed by SPSS version with level of significance kept at 5%. There was significant improvement in TIS, BBS, 10 MWT and cadence in both the groups with significant improvement of step length and stride length on non-affected limb in comparison to non-significant difference in affected limb. Conclusion: Additional Trunk Stabilization Exercises should be considered not only to improve trunk control but also to improve gait and balance as well.

Key words: Trunk stabilization, stroke, TIS, gait, balance, BBS, 10MWT

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