"Objective: To study the incidence Acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children 1-4years in an urban slum.
Background: Every year some 12 million children in developing countries die before they reach their fifth birthday, many during the first year of life. 7 in 10 deaths are due to acute respiratory infec-tions, diarrhea, measles, malaria or malnutrition or a combination of these conditions.
Materials and Method: A longitu-dinal survey of all children who were in the age group 1-4 years residing in the Landewadi slum, Pune. It was carried out from Nov 2008- Dec 2009. Data on symptoms suggesting ARI, cough, fever and nasal discharge, were collected for the preceding 7 days by recall.
Results: There were 346 house-holds from which 195 children formed the study population. As-sociation between age in months and history ofARI among the study population shows that there were 25.4% of children between 13-24 months age-group followed by 25-36 months age group 18.7 % and the lowest was in the 37-48 months age group 7.5 % suffering from acute respiratory infection.
Conclusions: In study found that there was no significant association between ARI with age, sex and some risk factors for ARI.Where as indoor air pollution was the signif-icant risk factor responsible for ARI in children.
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs);longitudinal study;1-4 years children;pollution