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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2014; 5(2): 186-190


Epidemiological Study of Tobacco Use among Male Aged 15 Year and Above in Urban Area of Ghaziabad City (UP)

Nitin Kumar Pathak; Amit Singh Pawaiya; Ajay Jha; Anil Dixit.

Abstract
"Background: Tobacco use among children is becoming a serious problem in developing countries. Tobacco is the most easily legally available addictive substance which contributes significantly to premature death and long term suffering. This study is formulated with the objectives to study preva-lence of tobacco habits among male age 15 year and above in ur-ban area of Ghaziabad city (UP)
Material and Method: A cross sec-tional study was conducted on 896 individuals aged ≥15 years by house to house visit, selected from urban field practice area of the San-tosh medical college, Ghaziabad (U.P) by using Systematic random sampling between May 2010 to April 2011.
Result: In the present study over all prevalence of tobacco use was 54.6 %( 26.5% for smokeless tobac-co and 28.1% for smoking). The prevalence of tobacco abuse was more in nuclear families than joint families. The age wise trend of smoking was found to be 8.1% in 15-19 years age group, and gradu-ally increased 18.3% in 40-49 years age group, while decreased to 10.0 % in more than 60 years age. Fac-tors such as substance use by par-ents, unemployment and sibling pressure and peer pressure were significantly associated with sub-stance use by study subjects.
Conclusion: Tobacco addiction is emerging as a big threat among children. The study documented prevalence and predictors of tobac-co use. The study population is at risk of tobacco use related morbid-ity and mortality and needs action targeting the most vulnerable population.

Key words: Prevalence;tobacco use;smokeless tobacco use;urban area



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