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IJHSR. 2016; 6(3): 16-21


Knowledge about Consequential Effect of Over Population, Contraceptive Devices and Attitude towards Family Size among Post-Graduating Girls.

Sonam Bedi, Rabindra Nath Mishra.

Abstract
Background: Present Indian population increase is still higher because in many states that constitute about half of the population Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is still 3 children or more. The level of education has strong association with TFR and will play pivotal role in developing the country.
Objective: The prime objective of the present study was to assess opinion on consequences of high population growth, desired future family size along with sex composition and knowledge about various contraceptive methods & their sources of post-graduating girls.
Methods: The study was carried in Division of Biostatistics, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University during 2010-11 among 100 post graduating girls representing from all corners of the country. Percentages as well as means along with standard deviations (SD) were obtained.
Results: Overpopulation leads to financial problem causing crises of food, clothing, housing and schooling, health and diseases was stated by 95.6% of the girls. About population control, about three quarter (74.4%) girls viewed to accelerate awareness of family planning methods. Majority of these girls (3/4th) were favouring only 2 children; however, among these post graduating girls Schedule caste/Schedule Tribe (SC/ST) girls had significantly larger family size desire than other backward classes (OBC) and general class girls. The most commonly known spacing methods were condom (male) and oral pills and major sources were TV/Transistor or text books.
Conclusions: The education of the girls seems to be the most important component to have better realization of problem of over-population, its control strategy and to follow the small family norm. However, social class role cannot be denied for which attitudinal change is required.

Key words: Contraceptive devices, Over-population, Family size, Fertility, Education.



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