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IJHSR. 2016; 6(3): 87-94


Pap Smear Pattern of Women Attending Family Planning Clinic in a Tertiary Healthcare Facility in Nnewi, Anambra State-Nigeria.

Samuel Ifedioranma Ogenyi, Harmony Obianuju Ndubisi, Anthony Ajuluchukwu Ngokere, Anulika Obianuju Onyemelukwe, Tobias Peter Pwajok Choji, Rebecca Chinyere Chukwuanukwu, Chizoba Okechukwu Okeke, Jude Ogechukwu Okoye.

Abstract
Cervical smear samples of one hundred (100) copper intra uterine contraceptive device (IUCD) users, attending family planning clinic in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching hospital (NAUTH) Nnewi, were collected and stained with Papanicolaou method. The subjects were categorized based on the duration of IUCD usage and samples collected using Ayres spatula with the aid of speculum. Smears were made on pre-labelled slides which were inserted immediately into jars of 95% ethanol fixative for 30 minutes, before staining by Papanicolaou method.
Nineteen (19) percent showed abnormal changes while 81% had normal and benign changes. Moreover, 19% revealed perinuclear halo characteristic of Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Only 6% of the subjects had gone for Pap smear test before. Pap smear test should be performed before insertion of IUCD.

Key words: Pap Smear, Women, Family Planning, Clinic, Iucd, Tertiary, Healthcare, Facility, Cervical Smearm, Epithelial Cells.



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