Background: Chest trauma is one of the most serious injuries leading to significant disability and mortality. Chest injury directly accounts to 20%-25% of all traumas related deaths in developed countries.
Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving chest injury patients admitted in civil hospital, Solapur over the period of September 2013 to June 2015.
Results: A total of 150 chest injury patients were studied out of 864 patients of chest injury during the said period. Males outnumbered females by a ratio of 5:1. Their ages ranged from 10 to 80 years (mean = 37.27 years). Majority of the patients (94.67%) sustained blunt injuries. RTA was the common mechanism of blunt injury affecting 59.86% of patients. Rib fracture was the commonest type of chest injury followed by pneumothorax, 88% and 62% respectively. Head injury was the commonest associated injury seen in 56% of patients. Majority of patients 66.67% were treated successfully with tube thoracostomy. The mean hospital stay was 8.97days with SD of 4.89 days. Mortality rate was 11.97%.
Conclusions: Chest injury resulting from RTA remains a major mechanism of chest injury. Preventive measures, educating people about traffic rules and regulations and strictly implementing them is necessary to reduce incidence of chest injuries.
Chest injury, Clinical profile, Rib fracture