Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

1

Int Surg J. 2016; 3(3): 1392-1398


The study of abdominal trauma: patterns of injury, clinical presentation, organ involvement and associated injury

Hemang A. Panchal, Avadhesh M. Ramanuj.

Abstract
Background: The aim was to study the cases of abdominal trauma in context of: age/sex distribution, mode of injury (accidents, fall, assault etc.). Type of injury (blunt injury or penetrating injury), clinical presentation, role of investigations and organ involvement.
Methods: The study of 50 cases of abdominal trauma, including blunt as well as penetrating trauma was conducted prospectively during the period of 23 months (January 2010 to November 2011). Patients of all age and sex who were admitted in our department after abdominal trauma were potential candidate for enrolment in this study and study was done in context to fulfill our aim.
Results: In our study, the abdominal trauma is more common in age group 21-40 years (n = 30,60%) with male predominance (M:F: 7.3:1), blunt injury abdomen (n = 37, 74%) is more common than penetrating injury (n = 13, 26%) with RTA (n = 24, 48%) being the most common cause followed by fall (n = 16, 32%) and stab injury (n = 09, 18%), Abdominal pain (n = 49, 98%), tachycardia (n = 40, 80%) and abdominal distension (n = 25, 50%) are the most common clinical features in all abdominal trauma patients. In our study pattern of injury are: liver (n = 16, 32%), spleen (n = 15, 30%) and small bowel (n = 9, 24.32%). In polytrauma patients abdominal trauma is more commonly associated with thoracic injuries (n = 19, 38%) and orthopedic injuries (n = 7, 34%).
Conclusions: From our study we can conclude abdominal trauma can present differently and may injure organ depending upon pattern of injury and require clinical assessment, expedite investigations to set goal for prompt primary resuscitation and timely definitive treatment.

Key words: Blunt injury abdomen, Trauma, Injury, Tachycardia



Share this Article


Advertisement
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons