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Obesity prevalence and its relation with some sociodemographic factors in bank employee of Aurangabad city, Maharashtra, India

Salma Hirani, Bina M. Kuril, Deepak K. Lone, R. T. Ankushe, Mohan K. Doibale.

Abstract
Background: India is currently experiencing rapid epidemiological transition with rising prevalence of obesity which may be due to increasing adoption of sedentary lifestyle and changing dietary pattern of the urban population. Certain occupations predispose individuals to sedentary lifestyles and some of these are white collar jobs characterized by sitting for long periods of time like financial institutions (banks). The aim and objectives of the study was to know the prevalence of obesity in bank employees and to study associated socioeconomic factors.
Methods: A population based cross sectional study was conducted. Banks were listed according to sectors i.e. government, co-operative and private. The banks were selected randomly from these three sectors using stratified proportionate random sampling technique. The study participants were interviewed by the investigator with the help of predesigned proforma which included information about demographic & socio-economic data, medical and family history, clinical examination, and anthropometric measurements (height, weight, waist and hip circumference).
Results: According to BMI classification for Asian population, 47.9% and 29.6% bank employees were found to be overweight and obese (GO) respectively. Whereas 65.0% bank employees had obesity by waist-hip ratio and only 6.25% bank employees had isolated generalized obesity. Overall 17.95% bank employees had isolated abdominal obesity and 44.6% bank employees had combined obesity.
Conclusions: The prevalence of generalized as well abdominal obesity was very high among bank employees. The associated risk factors which were found to be significant were age, female gender, higher socioeconomic status, and higher employees’ posts.

Key words: Bank employee, Obesity, BMI, Urban area, Abdominal obesity



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